The UN General Assembly overwhelmingly approved a resolution on Thursday to upgrade Palestine to a “non-member state” at the United Nations, implicitly recognizing a Palestinian state.
There were 138 votes in favor, nine against and 41 abstentions.
Addressing the assembly in New York ahead of the vote, President Mahmoud Abbas said the UN bid was the last chance to save the two-state solution.
“Sixty-five years ago on this day, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution 181, which partitioned the land of historic Palestine into two states and became the birth certificate for Israel,” Abbas told the 193-nation assembly after receiving a standing ovation.
“The General Assembly is called upon today to issue a birth certificate of the reality of the State of Palestine,” he said.
The president told the UN that Israel’s war on Gaza highlighted the urgency of ending the Israeli occupation.
“It also reaffirmed the Israeli government’s adherence to the policy of occupation, brute force and war,” he said.
“We believe that the international community is standing before the last chance of the two-state solution.”
“We’ve listened for the last months to the incessant flood of threats in response to our peaceful, political and diplomatic request in the UN and have watched (Israel’s) war on Gaza,” Abbas said.
“We haven’t heard one word from any Israeli official expressing sincere concern for the peace process.”
Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu immediately condemned Abbas’ speech as “hostile and poisonous”, and full of “false propaganda”.
“These are not the words of a man who wants peace,” Netanyahu also said in a statement released by his office after Abbas spoke.
US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton called the vote “unfortunate and counterproductive,” saying it puts more obstacles on the path to peace.
The move falls short of full UN membership which needs sanction by the Security Council, where the US wields a veto. But it allows Palestine access to the International Criminal Court and other international bodies.