Is this the Beginning of the End of Palestinian Reconciliation?

Palestinian Prime Minister, Rami Hamdallah. (Photo: via

By Ramzy Baroud

While on his way to the besieged Gaza Strip last week, two 33-pound bombs targeted the convoy of Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah.

Hamdallah was visiting Gaza, through the Israeli border checkpoint Erez, to open a large sewage treatment plant that, if allowed to operate regularly, will make life easier for hundreds of thousands of Gazans, who have endured a perpetual Israeli siege since 2006.

The prime minister’s visit was also seen as another important step in the reconciliation efforts between the two main Palestinian factions, Fatah — led by PA President Mahmoud Abbas in the Occupied West Bank — and Hamas, led by former Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh in Gaza.

Although reconciliation efforts have, for years, been half-hearted at best, the latest round of talks between the groups led to a breakthrough in Cairo last October. Palestinians were told that the two factions were keen on establishing unity, ending the siege on Gaza and revamping the largely dormant Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) institutions.

Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad were to join the PLO at some point in the future, leading to the formulation of a unified Palestinian political program. And, perhaps, this keenness at ending the rift has led to the attempt on Hamdallah’s life.

But who is Rami Hamdallah? Hamdallah, 59, was chosen by Abbas to serve in the current post in June 2013, despite the fact he was not a member of Fatah. He took over from Salam Fayyad, who served for six years, focusing mostly on state-building in a region that is still militarily occupied by a foreign power.

Hamdallah, though not a particularly controversial figure, has been a follower of Abbas and committed to his agenda. He is a political moderate by Palestinian standards, and it was through his strong ties with powerful Fatah figures like Tayeb Abdul Rahim and Tawfik Tirawi — who served under late PA leader Yasser Arafat and Abbas, respectively — that allowed him to claim the post and keep it for nearly five years.

Last October, Hamdallah led a delegation of Fatah PA officials to Gaza to “end the painful impacts of divisions and to rebuild Gaza brick by brick.”

Since Israel destroyed much of Gaza’s infrastructure and thousands of homes in the summer of 2014, Gaza, already reeling under a hermetic siege and the impact of previous wars, has been in ruins. Hamdallah’s visit rekindled hope among Gazans, and all Palestinians, that respite is on the way. Hamas’ insistent attempts to break from its isolation seemed to be finally bearing fruit.

Abbas’ party, too, moved forward with the unity arrangements, although for its own reasons. Fatah has been dysfunctional for years and the imminent exit of Abbas, 83, has opened up intense rivalry among those who want to succeed the aging leader. Supporters of Mohammed Dahlan, who was shunned by Abbas years ago and is currently based abroad, would like to see him back in a position of power.

The United States and Israel are following these developments closely. They, too, have favorites and are vested in the future of Fatah to sustain the status quo as long as possible.

Those who want Hamdallah dead are likely not targeting the prime minister for his own ideas or policies per se, but for what he represents, as the moderate leader capable of achieving a long-term understanding with Hamas. Killing Hamdallah would mean ending or, at least, obstructing unity efforts, discrediting Hamas, and denying Abbas and his leadership the necessary political capital to secure his legacy.

Hamas’ main enemies in Gaza are the extremist groups who are unhappy with their politics and what they see as an overly moderate style of Islamic governance. Of course, there are those in Fatah, including Abbas’ own office, who accused Hamas of trying to kill Hamdallah. Hamas did more than deny the accusations but, within one day of the apparent assassination attempt, announced that it had identified suspects behind the explosion.

It would make no sense for Hamas to kill Hamdallah. The group has worked tirelessly to engage the PA, as life in Gaza has become truly unlivable and its leadership and reputation has suffered as a result of the failed efforts to end the siege. Moreover, as Amira Hass noted, Hamas “could not have any interest in attacking senior Palestinian Authority officials on their way to inaugurate a sewage treatment plant that residents of the Gaza Strip have long awaited.”

Hamas, in turn, accused Israeli intelligence of the assassination attempt. The group’s spokesman, Fawzi Barhoum, claimed the “same hands” that gunned down Mazen Fakha in March 2017 and Tawfiq Abu Naim in October are behind the attempt on Hamdallah’s life. He was referring to Israel, of course.

The timing of the bombing of Hamdallah’s convoy was quite interesting as well, as it came barely a few hours after a meeting at the White House regarding Gaza. The meeting, chaired by leading pro-Israel officials in Washington, including Jared Kushner, was dubbed a “brainstorming session” on how to solve the Gaza crisis. “The Palestinian Authority, furious over the Trump administration’s actions in recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, moving its embassy there from Tel Aviv, and cutting aid for Palestinian refugees, refused to attend,” reported the New York Times.

One should, however, not undermine the seriousness of the remaining disagreements between Hamas and Fatah. Perhaps the main point of conflict is over Hamas’ fighting force. Hamas refuses to compromise on the issue of armed resistance, while Abbas insists on the dismantling of Hamas’ armed group, the Izz Al-Din Al-Qassam Brigades. But these disagreements are hardly strong enough reason to kill Hamdallah, who is the last hope for an end to the rift and the easing of the blockade on Gaza.

Although Hamdallah survived, the bombing achieved some of its objectives. A senior PA official told AFP that “Abbas decided no members of Hamdallah’s government would travel to Gaza in the short term ‘due to the security problems’.” While this might not be the end of reconciliation, it could possibly be the beginning of the end.

– Ramzy Baroud is a journalist, author and editor of Palestine Chronicle. His forthcoming book is ‘The Last Earth: A Palestinian Story’ (Pluto Press, London). Baroud has a Ph.D. in Palestine Studies from the University of Exeter and is a Non-Resident Scholar at Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies, University of California Santa Barbara. His website is

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